According to the Book of Jeremiah, he was called to the prophetical office when still young; in the thirteenth year of Josiah (628 BC). He left his native place, Anatoth, (where Jeremiah was perhaps a member of the priesthood) and went to reside in Jerusalem; where he assisted Josiah in his work of reformation.
Comments by Leonard Bernstein regarding his "Symphony No. 1, Jeremiah"
"Jeremiah is dedicated to [my father] after all, that was our great reconciliation piece. When he walked into that hall and he saw an audience rise to its feet and acclaim a symphony I had written and shout and cry and throng back stage and then it won the Music Critic’s Prize. I mean he saw that this had something to do with what could be called ‘practical living.’That was only moments after he had seen the debut in which I had taken over from Bruno Walter that was the first time he had ever realized completely that I could do music and support a family and he came back in tears, backstage, there was an enormous reconciliation. It was very moving and in that moment I dedicated my Jeremiah Symphony to him which was performed a few months later."
—Bernstein on Bernstein -- "Jeremiah"