Saturday, September 24, 2011


 (Hebrew: לִוְיָתָן, "Twisted; coiled, cetacean, whale, sea monster, dragon, large aquatic animal") was a Biblical sea monster or serpent of a larger kind (Job 3:8) the root of which is the word Pilel (Isaiah 27:1) where it is the symbol of the hostile kingdom of Babylon . It also refers to any very large aquatic creature (Psalm 104:26), used for a fierce enemy (Psalm 74:14. Compare (Hebrew: תנין tanniyn "dragon, serpent, sea monster") Isaiah 51:9; Ezek 29:3; Ezek 32:2-3). The word leviathan has become synonymous with any large sea monster or creature. In the novel Moby-Dick it (Job) refers to great whales, and in Modern Hebrew, it means simply "whale".

The word "Leviathan" appears five places in the Bible, and the Book of Job 41 is dedicated in describing Leviathan in detail.:
  • Book of Job 3:8 "8 Let those curse it who curse the day, who are ready to rouse up Leviathan."; ESV
  • Book of Job 41:1-34: "1 "Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook or press down his tongue with a cord?" 34 He sees everything that is high; he is king over all the sons of pride." ESV (quoted verses 1 and 34 only)
  • Psalms 74:14: "14 You crushed the heads of Leviathan; you gave him as food for the creatures of the wilderness." ESV
  • Psalms 104:24-25: "O LORD, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all: the earth is full of thy riches. So is this great and wide sea, wherein are things creeping innumerable, both small and great beasts." KJV;
  • Isaiah 27:1: " 1 In that day the LORD with his hard and great and strong sword will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan the twisting serpent, and he will slay the dragon that is in the sea." ESV

The king over the children of pride is a reference to Satan (the Accuser). Just as he is referred to in the New Testament as a red dragon in Revelation 12 having seven heads, so in Psalm 74:14: "Thou didst crush the heads of the Leviathan"


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