Friday, October 28, 2011

Ancient Egypt

 was a civilization located along the Lower Nile, reaching from the Nile Delta in the north to as far south as Jebel Barkal at the time of its greatest extension (15th century BC). It lasted for three millennia, from circa 3200 BC to 343 BC, ending when Artaxerxes III conquered Egypt. As a civilization based on irrigation it is the quintessential example of an "hydraulic empire."

Egypt was a transcontinental nation located mostly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula lying in Asia.

Details of mummy of the pharaoh
Ramesses II. Date: 1912
Location: Cairo Museum.
There are several words used in the bible that refer to Egypt, 2 are Hebrew/Aramaic and 2 are Greek.

Hebrew/Aramaic (Old Testament)
Strongs # Hebrew Transliteration Pronunciation English
H4714 מִצְרַיִם dual for מָצוֹר Mitsrayim mits·rah'·yim Egypt, Egyptian, Mizraim, Egyptians
H4713 מִצְרִי Mitsriy mits·rē' Egyptian, Egyptian, Egypt, Egyptian women
Greek (New Testament)
Strongs # Greek Transliteration Pronunciation English
G125 Αἴγυπτος Aigyptos ī'-güp-tosEgypt
G124ΑἰγύπτιοςAigyptiosī-gü'p-tē-osEgyptian, Egyptians

Biblical references containing "Egypt"

The Oxyrhynchus papyri are the most numerous group of the earliest copies of the New Testament. They are surviving portions of codices (books) written in Greek language uncial (capital) letters on papyrus (see also Greek alphabet). The first of these were excavated by Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt in Oxyrhynchus Egypt, over the turn of the 20th century. Of the 118 registered New Testament papyri, 44 (37%) are from Oxyrhynchus. The earliest are dated to the middle of the second century, so were copied within a century of the writing of the original New Testament documents.
Graham Hancock: Quest for the Lost Civilization

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