According to the Hebrew Bible, the Temple was built by Solomon. It replaced the Tabernacle of Moses
- The First Temple (also known as Solomon's Temple)
- The Second Temple, ( Herod's Temple: massive expansion of the Second Temple)
- The Third Temple
The Temple Mount was the site of the first and second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem and according to Judaism is to be the site of the third and final Temple in the time of the Messiah. It is also the site of two major Muslim religious shrines, the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque, taken over through Islamic conquest in the 7th century. Jews and Christians are not allowed to enter the Al-Aqsa Mosque, even though it is built upon the ground where God authorized the building of the First Temple.
It is the holiest site in Judaism, the third holiest site in Islam, and has special significance to Christianity. It is thus one of the most contested religious sites in the world.