Monday, August 23, 2010

History of Palestine

The History of Palestine (Hebrew: פְּלֶשֶׁת Philistines, or Philistia = "land of sojourners") is the account of events in the greater geographic area in the Southern Levant known as Palestine, which includes the West Bank , and Gaza . Historically "Palestine" referred to a larger area, including what became modern day Israel and parts of Jordan and Syria, more or less approximating the Jewish Judean kingdom of ancientdom that was destroyed by the Romans and then renamed. The name "Palestine," in the form of the Greek toponym Palaistinê (Greek: Παλαιστίνη, see below) is derived from the Greek "Philistia" and is recorded in the work of the Ionian historian Herodotus, circa the 5th century BCE. He uses it to denote all of the coastal land of the Mediterranean Sea, including Phoenicia, down to Egypt.

όρος Παλαιστίνη μπορεί να αναφέρεται:
  • Στην ιστορική περιοχή της Παλαιστίνης
  • ή στο μη αναγνωρισμένο, ισχυριζόμενο Κράτος της Παλαιστίνης
Palestine term may refer:
  • In the area of historic Palestine
  • Or unrecognized, arguing State of Palestine

The term was first officially used to describe all the Land of Israel after the third Jewish rebellion, Bar Kokhba’s revolt had failed to win freedom from Roman domination of the Hebrew nation. The Romans changed the region's name from Israel/Judea in order to historically disconnect the Jews from their land as punishment for their rebellion against Roman imperialism. An attempt was also made to re-name Jerusalem, to Aelia Capitolina, but this did not by and large succeed throughout history.


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