In Hebrew it is called Me'arat HaMakhpela (Hebrew: מערת המכפלה, Me'arat HaMachpela, Trans. "Cave of the Double Tombs"; Arabic: المغارة Al Magharah, "the Cave") because according to Jewish tradition its hidden twin caves are the burial place of four Biblical couples:
- Adam and Eve
- Abraham and Sarah;
- Isaac and Rebekah;
- Jacob and Leah.
According to Midrashic sources, it also contains the head of Esau.